(410) 741-1473 / Fax: 410-741-1813 wolfcreekequine@gmail.com

Internal Medicine

WCEC is fully equipped to diagnose and treat horses with an array of illnesses, from pneumonia, heart disease, liver disease, kidney disease, chronic weight loss, neurologic disease, eye and skin disorders, pediatric diseases and abdominal pain (colic).

The care of all of our hospital patients is overseen by Dr. CJ Caniglia. Dr. Caniglia is a board-certified surgeon with the American College of Veterinary Surgeons and has extensive training in the critical care of sick horses. 

Intravenous Fluid Therapy

Intravenous Fluid Therapy is the treatment for horses that suffer from dehydration due to illness or injury.  When a horse is dehydrated it often takes 40 to 80 liters of fluids daily to re-hydrate and maintain them, until they are well enough to drink on their own.

Catheter maintenance is one of the most critical elements of continuous intravenous fluid therapy, and the primary reason this treatment is challenging in a typical farm setting.  Horses receiving intravenous fluid therapy at WCEH are continuously monitored by our veterinary assistants.  Intensive Care is available with 24-hour continuous monitoring.


A foal receiving fluids for dehydration.

Pediatric Care

A sick foal can quickly become dehydrated and undernourished if not cared for aggressively and monitored continuously.  We provide 24-hour management and observation by experienced nursing personnel, providing intravenous hydration, antibiotics, fever management, ulcer protection, nutritional support and oxygen therapy if necessary.


This sweet little miniature horse foal was only 3 days old and needed a plasma transfusion. We laid him down so it wouldn’t make him dizzy (serum sickness)

Endoscopic Examinations

Endoscopy has been utilized for many years to evaluate the upper airway in horses.  We have a small 8 mm external diameter endoscope that we use to evaluate the upper airway in horses.  The small diameter of this endoscope assures that we can access this region in even the smallest pony or foal, without too much discomfort to the patient.  The endoscope aids in harvesting diagnostic samples for bacterial cultures and cell samples, and performs some therapeutic procedures such as flushing and medicating a horse’s guttural pouches.

WCE also uses a specialized 3-meter length gastroscope is used to image the stomach of the horse to diagnose equine gastric ulcer syndrome and occasionally a foreign object or gastric tumor.  The additional length is necessary to reach the equine stomach and to image all regions of the upper duodenum and pyloris. 

Ultrasound Examinations

Ultrasound is used to image the internal organs of the horse in a non-invasive, non-painful way.  The ultrasound is commonly used to image the organs of the intestinal tract and the space around the intestine (called the peritoneal cavity), the lungs and pleural space, and the heart (cardiac ultrasound).


Ultrasound of the left side of the heart.